When working with Pantheon, you’re presented with the three typical environments: Dev, Test and Live. This scheme is very common in major hosting providers, and not without a reason: it allows to plan and execute an effective and efficient development process that takes every client need into consideration. We can use CircleCI to manage that process.
CircleCI works based in the
circle.yml file located at the root of projects. It is a script of all the stuff the virtual machine will do for you in the cloud, including testing and delivery. The script is triggered by a commit into the repository unless you have it configured to just react to commits to branches with open pull requests. It is divided into sections, each representing a phase of the Build-Test-Deploy process.
deployment section, you can put instructions in order to deploy your code to your web servers. A common deployment would look like the following:
deployment: dev: branch: master commands: - ./merge_to_master.sh
This literally means, perform the operations listed under commands every time a commit is merged into the master branch. You may think there is not a real reason to use a deployment block like this to do an actual deployment. And it’s true, you can do whatever you want there. It’s ideal to perform deployments, but in essence, the deployment section allows you to implement conditional post-build subscripts that react differently depending on the nature of the action that triggered the whole build.
The Drops 8 Pantheon upstream for Drupal 8 comes with a very handy circle.yml that can help you set up a basic CircleCI workflow in a matter of minutes. It heavily relies on the use of Pantheon’s Terminus CLI and a couple of plugins like the excellent Terminus Build Tools Plugin, that provides probably the most important call of the whole script:
terminus build:env:create -n "$TERMINUS_SITE.dev" "$TERMINUS_ENV" --yes --clone-content --db-only --notify="$NOTIFY"
The line above creates a multidev environment in Pantheon, merging the code and generated assets in Circle’s VM into the code coming from the dev environment, and also clones the database from there. You can then use drush to update that database with the changes in configuration that you just merged in.
Once you get to the deployment section, you already have a functional multidev environment. The deployment happens by merging the artifact back into dev:
deployment: build-assets: branch: master commands: - terminus build:env:merge -n "$TERMINUS_SITE.$TERMINUS_ENV" --yes
This workflow assumes a simple git workflow where you just create feature branches and merge them into master where they’re ready. It also takes the deployment process just to the point code reaches dev. This is sometimes not enough.
Integrating release branches
When in a gitflow involving a central release branch, the perfect environment to host a site that completely reflects the state of the release branch is the dev environment, After all, development is only being actively done in that branch. Assuming your release branch is statically called develop:
deployment: dev: branch: develop commands: # Deploy to DEV environment. - terminus build-env:merge -n "$TERMINUS_SITE.$TERMINUS_ENV" --yes --delete - ./rebuild_dev.sh test: branch: master commands: # Deploy to DEV environment. - terminus build-env:merge -n "$TERMINUS_SITE.$TERMINUS_ENV" --yes --delete - ./rebuild_dev.sh # Deploy to TEST environment. - terminus env:deploy $TERMINUS_SITE.test --sync-content - ./rebuild_test.sh - terminus env:clone-content "$TERMINUS_SITE.test" "dev" --yes
This way, when you merge into the release branch, the multidev environment associated with it will get merged into dev and deleted, and dev will be rebuilt.
The same happens on release day when the release branch is merged into master, but after dev is rebuilt, it is also deployed to the test environment:
A few things to notice about this process:
--sync-contentoption brings database and files from the live environment to test at the same time code is coming there from dev. By rebuilding test, we’re now able to test the latest changes in code against the latest changes in content, assuming live is your primary content entry point.
- The last Terminus command takes the database from test and sends it back to dev. So, to recap, the database originally came from live, was rebuilt in test using dev’s fresh code, and now goes to dev. At this moment, test and dev are identical. Just until the next commit is thrown into the release branch.
- This process facilitates testing. While the next release is already in progress and transforming dev, the client can take all the time to give the final approval for what’s in test. Once that happens, the deployment to live should occur in a semi-automatic way at most. But nothing really prevents you from using this same approach to automate also the deployment to live. Well, nothing but good judgment.
- By using
circle.ymlto handle the deployment process, you contribute to keep workflow configuration centralized and accessible. With the appropriate system in place, you can trigger a complete and fully automated deployment just by doing a commit to Github, and all you’ll ever need to know about the process is in that single file.
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